Candida Martinelli's Italophile Site

Main Page This family-friendly site celebrates Italian culture for the enjoyment of children and adults. Site-Overview

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Roaming the World, G. P.

Brazil / Argentina, by R. B.

John, Italian Emigrant, by D. H. Lawrence

Joe Petrosino, NYC Pioneer Policeman

East Haven, Conn, J. M.

Rivesville, West Virginia, R.T.

Tomaso Salvini

Adelaide Ristori

Caruso, Tetrazzini, Patti

Caruso in SF Quake

Giovanni Boldini

 

 

Books Set in Italy by Genre

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Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook

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Bianca by W. E. Norris

Wallace Breem

Room with a View

Enchanted April

 

 

Free PDF Books

Enchanted April

Room with a View

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Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook

Plutarch's Lives

Agatha Christie's First Poirot Story

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Italian Renaissance

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Pinocchio

 

 

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  Viva Italia
Viva Italia Masterprint
AllPosters.com

 

Click on a slideshow image to visit that page  

 

 

 

Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy
Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy Photographic Print
AllPosters.com

 


Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy
Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy Photographic Print
AllPosters.com

 

Carnival in Venice

Today's Carnival celebrations in Venice, Italy, are a new 'tradition' begun in 1979, run by a Carnival Committee, based around a yearly theme, and last about 10 days in February.

The old tradition of Carnival in Venice is very old.  The earliest mention of the celebration found in writing was in the year 1094.  It stopped in 1797 when Venice lost it's independence and became a dependent of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  Private parties continued, but Venetians stopped any public celebrations in protest at their status.

The Last Day of the Carnival, St. Mark's Square, Venice
The Last Day of the Carnival, St. Mark's Square, Venice Giclee Print
AllPosters.com
 

Old Carnival was more pagan, more violent, more licentious, and more regulated to prevent dangerous abuses of the opportunity to hide one's identity in public. 

In an age of greater violence, no electricity, extreme poverty, and harsh living conditions, allowing everyone to wear what amounted to a balaclava was dangerous!  Laws governed mask wearing all year round in Venice, to ensure public safety.  Many of those laws were ignored during the period of Venice's economic decline, leading to even greater licentiousness. 

 Ladies and Gentlemen in Carnival Costume in the Ridotto, Venice
Ladies and Gentlemen in Carnival Costume in the Ridotto, Venice Giclee Print
AllPosters.com

Masks, or maschere, refers in Italian to both a mask and a disguise.  In Venitian it's more often called bauta or bautta, which can refer to one of the most common mask designs, or a whole disguise.

But masks were commonly worn by persons socializing in Venice in the evenings.  People wished to hide their identities in a society that was governed by strict social rules.  Social shame could kill a person's chances in life, and just about anything in those socially repressive days could bring on social shame.

 Venice, a Masked Couple
Venice, a Masked Couple Giclee Print
AllPosters.com

If you read The Autobiography of Casanova, you'll see numerous references to he and his female partner donning masks to attend the Venetian Opera unchaperoned.  Casanova is very careful to protect his partners from shame, but even more careful to prevent one of his partners from discovering his other partners.

 Giovanni Giacomo Casanova Chevalier de Saingalt Italian Adventurer in Carnival Mask Venice
Giovanni Giacomo Casanova Chevalier de Saingalt Italian Adventurer in Carnival Mask Venice Giclee Print
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Old Carnival was celebrated in the days leading up to Lent, the Catholic season of fasting, prayer and donations to the poor.  The customs used for the celebrations were adopted from various pagan festivals.

(Continue reading on my Carnival Page)

 

 


Mask at Carnival, Venice, Italy
Mask at Carnival, Venice, Italy Photographic Print
AllPosters.com

 

 

 Costumed Participant at Carnival in Venice, Italy
Costumed Participant at Carnival in Venice, Italy Photographic Print
AllPosters.com

 

 

About this Site

This is a hobby-site.  Any money made from links and ads provide funds to cover my computer, Internet, and website hosting and domain name costs.  Anything left over, I spend on pasta!  ;-)   Grazie mille!

Candida Martinelli

Established July 2003

 

Food, Drink, Recipes

Italian Food

Culinaria Italy

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Recipes

Olives and Oil

Medieval Italian Cookbooks

Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook

Eat Less / Feel Full

Cookbooks to Buy

Quince - Mele Cotogne

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Eat Less, Feel Full

Italian Wine

Italian Liqueurs

Vov Recipe

Coffee Liqueur Recipe

Grappa (LaPaglia)

Candies

Gelato

Chestnut Desserts

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Zabaione, A Saint's Recipe Men Love

Spoonbreads

Granita

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Salame Dolce - A Chocolate Candy

Panettone, Amaretti

Italian Rice Desserts

 

 

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Ricordo di Venezia Postcard Book

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Florentia Paper

Edith Wharton's Della Robbia Terracottas

The Brownings

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Italian Media Today

Travel in Italy - Links to Online City Guides

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Marco Polo

Carnival - Carnevale

Carnival Costumes

Venice Art

Venice in 1860s

Murano Glass

Free Venice Art

Rome

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Living in Ancient Rome

Fun Latin Phrases

Mysteries in Ancient Rome

Roman Costumes

 

 

Italian Culture for Children

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Strega Nona

Italy Coloring Pages

Italian Artist Bios

Renaissance Paper Dolls

Child's Menu Page

Cow Game

Goose Game Free Game Board

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Scopa

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Calcio - Football

Ziginette - Zecchinetta

Pinocchio

Strega Nona

Children's Books, CDs, Games, Treats

Free Italian Children's Stories On-line

Emilio Salgari's Adventures

Italian Artist Bios for Children

 

 

Holiday Fun and Gifts

Italian Xmas Cards

The Nativity

La Befana

Angels in Italian Art

Catholic Prayers in Italian / English

Italophile Gift Ideas

Luxury Gift Ideas

10 Recipes for the Holidays

Easter Story

Christmas Story in Italian and English

Carnival

Carnival (Halloween and Commedia) Costumes

Religious Art - Marquetry

 

 

History Comes Alive

De' Medici Family

Life in Ancient Rome

Natural History of Italy

Pre-History

Ancient History

The Middle Ages

The Renaissance

The Age of Discovery

Age of Colonialism, Capitalism, Reason, Industrial Revolution

Italian Unification

Fascism and The World Wars

Post War Growth and European Integration

Marco Polo

Amerigo Vespucci

Living in Ancient Rome

 

 

SOME LINKS TO GOODIES...

Lessons: How to get E-texts and E-books from the Internet, including source list for free electronic books

A non-Italy article by Candida: A book that helped keep WWII soldiers sane and humane

A non-Italy offer:  Nerja, Spain Beachfront Apartment to Rent

 

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Please visit Candida Martinelli's Writing Website and the first book in her Young-Adult Historical Mystery Series