Candida Martinelli's Italophile Site

Main Page This family-friendly site celebrates Italian culture for the enjoyment of children and adults. Site-Overview

Italophile Book Reviews     News-Blog     YouTube Channel     Italy Posters     Italian Xmas Cards     Italophile Books   PrintFection Tees


House and Garden

Home Decor

Murals, Stencils, Tiles

Palaces of Sicily

Modern Italian Design

Decor with Prints

Tile Splash-backs

Stencil Decor

Italianate Furniture

Low Cost Decor

Graphic Artists

Panoramic Images

Murano Glass



Villa / Garden Prints

Framed Prints

Art, Sculpture...

Eduardo De la Maria

Riccardo Bianchi



Garden Inspirations

Balcony Gardens


Language of Flowers



Theatre, Music, Cinema


Commedia dell'Arte

Theatre in 1860s

Tomaso Salvini

Adelaide Ristori

Cecilia Bartoli

Italian Music



Domenico Modugno

Opera Singers: Caruso, Tetrazzini, Gigli, Patti

Caruso in SF Quake

Eurovision / San Remo Song Festivals


Recent Films

Terence Hill

Francesco Nuti

Anthony LaPaglia

Italian Humor and Toto



Hyphenated Italians

Hyphenated Italians

London's Italians and Barometers

Mulberry Bend, NYC

Old New York

Roaming the World, G. P.

Brazil / Argentina, by R. B.

John, Italian Emigrant, by D. H. Lawrence

Joe Petrosino, NYC Pioneer Policeman

East Haven, Conn, J. M.

Rivesville, West Virginia, R.T.

Tomaso Salvini

Adelaide Ristori

Caruso, Tetrazzini, Patti

Caruso in SF Quake

Giovanni Boldini



Books Set in Italy by Genre


Mysteries in Ancient Rome

Historical Novels

Thriller / Drama

Children's Books

Romance Novels


Audio Books in Italian

Dual-Language Short Stories

Bestselling Italian



Italophile Articles and Books

Italians as Europeans

Political Humor

Altan and Cipputi

Italian Literature

Marco Polo's Travels

Petrarch and his Love Sonnets

A Sicilian Romance

Illuminated Manuscripts

The Brownings

Divine Comedy



Marcus Aurelius

Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook


Sicilian Romance

Pompeii Revisited

Linda Proud

Bianca by W. E. Norris

Wallace Breem

Room with a View

Enchanted April



Free PDF Books

Enchanted April

Room with a View

Medieval Cookbooks

Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook

Plutarch's Lives

Agatha Christie's First Poirot Story

Short Classic Mystery Stories

Stage Stars

Ancient Rome

A Sicilian Romance

Italian Renaissance

Stage Actor's Lives




Guestbook and Contact

Old Guestbook

New Guestbook



Candida's Italophile Links

Italophile Shop

Italian News Weblog

YouTube Channel for Italophiles

Italy Posters

Zazzle Italian Art Xmas Cards

Italophile Books Site/Shop

Italophile Book Reviews

PrintFection Tees and Bags


  Viva Italia
Viva Italia Masterprint


Click on a slideshow image to visit that page  




Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy
Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy Photographic Print


Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy
Mask and Costume, Venice, Italy Photographic Print


Carnival in Venice

Today's Carnival celebrations in Venice, Italy, are a new 'tradition' begun in 1979, run by a Carnival Committee, based around a yearly theme, and last about 10 days in February.

The old tradition of Carnival in Venice is very old.  The earliest mention of the celebration found in writing was in the year 1094.  It stopped in 1797 when Venice lost it's independence and became a dependent of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  Private parties continued, but Venetians stopped any public celebrations in protest at their status.

The Last Day of the Carnival, St. Mark's Square, Venice
The Last Day of the Carnival, St. Mark's Square, Venice Giclee Print

Old Carnival was more pagan, more violent, more licentious, and more regulated to prevent dangerous abuses of the opportunity to hide one's identity in public. 

In an age of greater violence, no electricity, extreme poverty, and harsh living conditions, allowing everyone to wear what amounted to a balaclava was dangerous!  Laws governed mask wearing all year round in Venice, to ensure public safety.  Many of those laws were ignored during the period of Venice's economic decline, leading to even greater licentiousness. 

 Ladies and Gentlemen in Carnival Costume in the Ridotto, Venice
Ladies and Gentlemen in Carnival Costume in the Ridotto, Venice Giclee Print

Masks, or maschere, refers in Italian to both a mask and a disguise.  In Venitian it's more often called bauta or bautta, which can refer to one of the most common mask designs, or a whole disguise.

But masks were commonly worn by persons socializing in Venice in the evenings.  People wished to hide their identities in a society that was governed by strict social rules.  Social shame could kill a person's chances in life, and just about anything in those socially repressive days could bring on social shame.

 Venice, a Masked Couple
Venice, a Masked Couple Giclee Print

If you read The Autobiography of Casanova, you'll see numerous references to he and his female partner donning masks to attend the Venetian Opera unchaperoned.  Casanova is very careful to protect his partners from shame, but even more careful to prevent one of his partners from discovering his other partners.

 Giovanni Giacomo Casanova Chevalier de Saingalt Italian Adventurer in Carnival Mask Venice
Giovanni Giacomo Casanova Chevalier de Saingalt Italian Adventurer in Carnival Mask Venice Giclee Print

Old Carnival was celebrated in the days leading up to Lent, the Catholic season of fasting, prayer and donations to the poor.  The customs used for the celebrations were adopted from various pagan festivals.

(Continue reading on my Carnival Page)



Mask at Carnival, Venice, Italy
Mask at Carnival, Venice, Italy Photographic Print



 Costumed Participant at Carnival in Venice, Italy
Costumed Participant at Carnival in Venice, Italy Photographic Print



About this Site

This is a hobby-site.  Any money made from links and ads provide funds to cover my computer, Internet, and website hosting and domain name costs.  Anything left over, I spend on pasta!  ;-)   Grazie mille!

Candida Martinelli

Established July 2003


Food, Drink, Recipes

Italian Food

Culinaria Italy

Sicilian Food



Olives and Oil

Medieval Italian Cookbooks

Anonymous Andalusian Cookbook

Eat Less / Feel Full

Cookbooks to Buy

Quince - Mele Cotogne

Coffee, Chocolate

Eat Less, Feel Full

Italian Wine

Italian Liqueurs

Vov Recipe

Coffee Liqueur Recipe

Grappa (LaPaglia)



Chestnut Desserts

Sweets and Recipes

Zabaione, A Saint's Recipe Men Love



Cream Desserts

Salame Dolce - A Chocolate Candy

Panettone, Amaretti

Italian Rice Desserts



Towns and Touring

Alinari Photography

Photo / Virtual Tours

Aerial Italian Images

Photo Galleries

Milan - Milano

Pompeii - Vesuvius

Palaces of Sicily


Ricordo di Venezia Postcard Book


De' Medici Family

Borbottoni's Old Florence Scenes

Bianchi Gallery

Florence Art

Florentia Paper

Edith Wharton's Della Robbia Terracottas

The Brownings

Living/Working in Italy

Residence Clubs

Italian Language


Italian Media Today

Travel in Italy - Links to Online City Guides


Dating and Mating


Marco Polo

Carnival - Carnevale

Carnival Costumes

Venice Art

Venice in 1860s

Murano Glass

Free Venice Art


Rome Art

Living in Ancient Rome

Fun Latin Phrases

Mysteries in Ancient Rome

Roman Costumes



Italian Culture for Children


Sliding-Art Puzzles

Strega Nona

Italy Coloring Pages

Italian Artist Bios

Renaissance Paper Dolls

Child's Menu Page

Cow Game

Goose Game Free Game Board

Cards - Tarot Cards

Card / Board Games




Goose Game

Calcio - Football

Ziginette - Zecchinetta


Strega Nona

Children's Books, CDs, Games, Treats

Free Italian Children's Stories On-line

Emilio Salgari's Adventures

Italian Artist Bios for Children



Holiday Fun and Gifts

Italian Xmas Cards

The Nativity

La Befana

Angels in Italian Art

Catholic Prayers in Italian / English

Italophile Gift Ideas

Luxury Gift Ideas

10 Recipes for the Holidays

Easter Story

Christmas Story in Italian and English


Carnival (Halloween and Commedia) Costumes

Religious Art - Marquetry



History Comes Alive

De' Medici Family

Life in Ancient Rome

Natural History of Italy


Ancient History

The Middle Ages

The Renaissance

The Age of Discovery

Age of Colonialism, Capitalism, Reason, Industrial Revolution

Italian Unification

Fascism and The World Wars

Post War Growth and European Integration

Marco Polo

Amerigo Vespucci

Living in Ancient Rome




Lessons: How to get E-texts and E-books from the Internet, including source list for free electronic books

A non-Italy article by Candida: A book that helped keep WWII soldiers sane and humane

A non-Italy offer:  Nerja, Spain Beachfront Apartment to Rent


Amazon Logo


Please visit Candida Martinelli's Writing Website and the first book in her Young-Adult Historical Mystery Series